If you have never used lures before, learning how to start lure fishing can significantly increase your fishing success. In general, lures are artificial types of fishing baits. For instance, jigs, spoons and artificial flies are popular lures. In addition, lures can be used successfully in combination with live baits.
Before you can learn how to fish with lures, you need to understand how to pick out the correct lure for each species. Moreover, figuring out how to set up a lure on a fishing line is another challenge that you must master. To learn all of these details, read the sections below.
How does a fishing lure work?
You may be wondering “How do fishing lures work?” if you never caught fish with this gear before. In general, a lure is attached to the end of a line and acts as bait to attract types of fish. After casting your line, the lure lands in the water and can be reeled back in once a fish bites. This motion creates what is known as “action.” Different lures are designed to create varying types of action. Thus, before learning how to fish with lures, you must explore their different types. The most common types of lures are:
- Trolling lures
What are the different parts of fishing lures?
The different parts of fishing lures vary depending on each of their designs. However, certain parts of fishing lures can be found on all types. For instance, most lures have a loop or hole at the top, which is used for tying on a line. Additional fishing lure parts include:
- A body made of metal, wood, cork or plastic.
- Hooks such as single hooks or treble hook styles.
- Designs that make the lure look like bait or prey.
- Weights or sinkers that help the lure float or sink at the optimal depth.
- Decorations such as feathers, glitter, fur, rubber dressings or other elements that create movement.
- Moving parts such as swivels, which allow the lure to move freely. Additionally, joints allow the lure to bend more realistically.
In addition, different parts of a fishing lure can be used together in endless combinations to create unique lures. For example, decorations can be added later to a standard lure in order to personalize it.
How do I make my own fishing lures?
You can learn how to make your own fishing lures in order to save some money. In general, this can be an engaging and rewarding activity. Moreover, when you build your own fishing lures, you can choose which features to include to make it great. Furthermore, many lures can be assembled with little to no skill required. However, assembling a fly fishing lure can be very technical and require skill and experience. If you need homemade fishing lure ideas, review the following popular lures that you can make at home:
- Cork lures
- Bottlecap lures
- Spoon lures
- Jerkbait lures
Making your own fishing lures often only requires easily accessible household supplies. However, if you want to learn how to make fishing lures out of wood, you may benefit from acquiring templates. Additionally, you can learn how to make plastic fishing lures by purchasing lure-making kits online.
What are the advantages of using lures over bait?
There are many advantages of using lures over bait. For instance, consider the following factors when comparing bait fishing versus lure fishing:
- Lures are safer for fish. It is generally difficult for a fish to swallow lures due to the way they are designed. Therefore, this results in fewer gut catches.
- A lure is reusable. Lures are typically made from durable materials, and thus can be used more than once.
- Lures are collectible. Certain lures are quite unique and hold depreciation value. For example, rare and vintage lures can be worth a lot of money if you hold onto them.
- A lure can have a specific use. One of the biggest advantages of using lures is that they are manufactured for very specific purposes. For that reason, they make it possible for you to target the exact species you want to catch.
When evaluating live bait fishing vs artificial lures, you will find that there are some drawbacks to lures. A disadvantage of using lures is that they are oftentimes more expensive. Another major difference between lure and bait is that lures will not always have a distinctive scent to attract fish.
How do I attach a fishing lure?
After you have made a choice regarding which type to buy, you must learn how to tie a fishing lure. Figuring out how to set up a lure on a fishing line is not a generally complicated process. Moreover, there are many different ways to do it. In general, attaching the lure to a line requires you to learn how to tie knots. Knots used for fishing are more complex than they may seem at first glance. Each knot has a specific use and must be executed by following exact steps. When you are ready to learn how to knot a fishing lure, familiarize yourself with the following popular knots:
- Improved clinch knot
- Uni knot
- Palomar knot
- Orvis knot
- Eugene Bend knot
Once you learn how to tie fishing lures properly, you will decrease the chance of losing your expensive lures. Additionally, well-tied knots will increase your chances of catching large fish.
What types of fish can you catch with lures?
There are numerous fish you can catch with lures in saltwater and freshwater environments. In general, certain lures can be used interchangeably to catch different species. However, many lures are designed with a specific species in mind, such as bass or trout. Review the exact types of fish that you can catch with lures below:
- Spinnerbait have reflective blades that mimic baitfish. These lures are great for bass, pike and other known predators.
- Crankbait is another type of bait that resembles prey such as a minnow, which works well for bass and muskellunge.
- Jigs are great lures you can use to catch fish such as large muskellunge, striped bass or panfish.
- Trolling lures work great when fishing in open oceans for pelagic fish such as tuna and billfish.
- Spoons are simple, classic lures with shiny metallic surfaces. Therefore, they typically attract fish such as muskellunge, walleye, bass, trout and salmon.
How do you make a fish go for your lure?
If you are a novice angler, it can be challenging to learn how to make a fish go for your lure. Moreover, even after figuring out how to attract fish to your lure, it is helpful to try new techniques occasionally. The methods that worked for you once may change over time, as well as according to each habitat and species. As a general rules, most fish, especially predatory species, rely on the following senses to hunt:
- Sight – Fish are attracted to twitching, spinning and pulsing motions of lures as they travel through the water. Lures do not necessarily have to look realistic, as long as they mimic the movement of prey.
- Smell – Most lures do not have a natural scent like live bait. However, you can add artificial scents to lures to make them more attractive.
- Vibrations – Catching fish with lures that spin or create other motions is very helpful. This is sometimes accomplished by making small vibrations with your lure as you reel it in.
How much do fishing lures cost?
Some fishing lures cost quite a lot, but there are also various affordable options on the market. The fishing lures price generally varies according to different brand, materials and types. Thus, while a standard lure can cost as little as $3, a high-end offering may cost over $100. Lures can expensive in comparison to other fishing gear, such as hooks, due to the fact that they are generally sold individually. Generally, the price of fishing lures does not change when you buy in bulk, as it does with other gear. The cost of fishing lures must also account for the need to replace them from time to time. Moreover, lures can easily become lost if you get a bad snag or if your knot fails. Lastly, it is not uncommon for you to damage lures beyond repair, which makes it necessary to buy replacements.
Where can you buy fishing lures?
It is typically easy to find where to buy fishing lures, because they are available from many different retailers. You can buy fishing lures from large stores such as Cabela’s, Dick’s Sporting Goods and Walmart. Conversely, you may have a better experience buying fishing lures from the online marketplaces such as:
In general, buying a fishing lure is possible at nearly all retailers of outdoors equipment. However, if you want to buy a specific type of lures, it may be necessary to visit a specialty shop. For example, highly-specialized fly lures may only be sold in fly fishing shops.
How many fishing lures should you buy?
Each angler must determine how many fishing lures will be needed for his or her trip. However, the number of lures needed depend on factors such as:
- How often you go fishing
- The location you fish in
- The type of fish you want to catch
- Your skill level
- The amount of variety you want
In general, you should consider acquiring multiple options when buying lures for fishing. Having a few spares is great in the event that you lose or damage a lure. Moreover, fishing lures can be swapped out while you are out on the water and want to try something different. In general, buying fishing lures is a good investment, and you can always resell or return unused ones.
How should I choose my lure?
Many lures are designed with a specific purpose in mind. For example, certain lures are specifically meant for bass fishing. Thus, to choose the right lure, start by considering the species you want to catch. Additionally, you can also choose lures based on the type of water you are fishing in. In general, the clarity of a body of water and the strength of a current are important factors to consider. For instance, lures with muted colors are best-suited for clear water. Conversely, brightly colored lures may actually startle fish away in a clear body of water. On the other hand, murky or muddy waters typically require more visually striking lures that will show up better. No matter the methods you use to choose lures for fishing, it is important to continue experimenting with different options.
What are the best cheap fishing lures?
There are many cheap fishing lures that work well in spite of the fact that they are inexpensive. When it comes to lures, cost is oftentimes an indicator of the quality, but that is not always the case. To determine what the best cheap fishing lure is, consider these offerings:
- Zorro Baits Head Knocker Buzzbait
- Zoom Super Fluke
- Heddon Zara Spook
- Yamamoto Double Tail Hula Grub
- Cotton Cordell Super Spot Crankbait
- Acme Little Cleo
- Rapala Original Floating Minnow
The best low cost fishing lures will save you money and also be relatively effective. In certain cases, a low cost fishing lure is enjoyable because you do not have to worry about losing it. Discount fishing lures are also easier to replace when damaged due to the fact that they are widely available.
What are the best high-end fishing lures?
Some of the best high end fishing lures are extremely expensive. However, if you are serious about fishing, they are worthy investments. In general, high end fishing lures can easily cost between $100 and $400. Moreover, these high-end options typically come from brands with a long history and a solid reputation. Consider the following manufacturers when choosing the best high end fishing lure:
- Roman Made
- ABT Lures
- JSJ Baits
What are the best fishing lures for beginners?
Fishing lures for beginners should be safe and easy to use. However, the best fishing lure for beginners can vary depending on each habitat. For example, a spinnerbait is a great option because it can be easily attached to a line. Additionally, a spinnerbait also tends to perform well in weedy areas, as it is known for not snagging easily. Moreover, crankbaits are also well-suited for beginners because they have a high catch rate. Catching various fish typically inspires beginners to continue fishing.
Safety concerns are among the most significant fishing lure basics for beginners. For instance, many beginner fishing lures have treble hooks attached to them. While effective, these hooks can be challenging and dangerous for novice anglers to handle. Thus, when figuring out how to set up a sea fishing lure for beginners, you may want to replace treble hooks with single hooks, which are safer to use.
What are the different types of fishing lures?
Before you begin purchasing gear for a fishing trip, you must evaluate all of the available fishing lure types. Generally, there are many different types of fishing lures to choose from, each with unique features. Given how many different types of fishing lures are available, you should learn about the particularities of each before deciding. To learn about these types of lures, read the sections below.
What are trolling lures?
Trolling lures are used to troll for large predatory fish species such as tuna or marlin. In general, trolling fishing lures can be used to catch both saltwater and freshwater fish. Furthermore, freshwater and saltwater trolling fishing lures are available in numerous types, including flies, cowbells, rudders, cutbait or umbrella rigs. In addition, these lures are available in a variety of sizes, colors, materials and patterns.
What are artificial flies?
Artificial flies are lures designed for freshwater or saltwater. Additionally, they can made from materials such as thread, feathers, tinsel or fur. While each artificial fly contains a hook, various materials are tied around the hook for it to resemble a bug. When fishing with artificial flies, be certain that the lure efficiently imitates preys such as insects, worms or baitfish. Common names of fishing flies include skaters, crayfish, crab, poppers, terrestrials, worms, streamers, muddlers, nymphs and dry flies. Additionally, many artificial flies patterns are available to choose from.
What is buzzbait?
Buzzbait lures are used to create vibrations and motions in the water while resembling common types of baitfish. Thus, they are similar to spinnerbaits and crankbaits in many ways. However, the fishing buzzbait lures contain propeller blades above the long arm instead of spoons. Moreover, these lures can squeal or squeak to attract predatory fish species. Buzzbait trailers and trailer hooks are typically needed to increase your chances of catching fish with this lure. Additionally, these lures can generally only be used in freshwater environments.
What are combined lures?
Combined lures combine standard artificial lures with additional features such as jigs and leaders. A leader is a line extension between the lure and the mainline. In general, combined lures for fishing are available pre-rigged from online merchants such as Amazon, eBay or Walmart. For instance, popular combination lure offerings from the D.O.A. Fishing Lures brand come equipped with farm-grown baitfish. The primary combined lures uses are for catching saltwater fish. For example, the Williamson brand lures are typically used to catch saltwater species such as tuna, sailfish, billfish and dorado.
What is crankbait?
Crankbait is a popular type of fishing lure used to target predatory species such as bass or trout. They are available in a wide variety of shapes, sizes and colors to mimic baitfish and other types of prey. Also known as hard baits, these lures are available with or without lips or bills. In general, a diving crankbait contains a full bill for sinking into deep waters. Conversely, a lipless crankbait features a square bill and is meant for top- or shallow-water fishing. Furthermore, uses vary depending on whether the lure contains a lip or not.
What are jigs?
Jigs are lures that are used to catch freshwater or saltwater fish species during the practice of jigging. These lures are typically made of rubber or silicone materials. With fishing jigs, anglers can create jerk motions with their rods to attract predatory fish. Moreover, fishermen can use fishing jig heads as well as swim jigs.
What are LED lures?
LED lures feature embedded LED lights to attract fish underwater. With most LED fishing lures, the light turns on automatically once the artificial lure hits the water. Conversely, the light turns off once pulled from the ocean, lake, river or stream. While a fishing lure with light inside sounds too good to be true, light up fishing lures indeed attract fish. On the other hand, there is no consensus among anglers regarding blinking fishing lures. In general, LED lures are more expensive than traditional fishing lures.
What are soft plastic baits?
Soft plastic baits are artificial lures typically molded out of silicone or rubber to imitate various types of creatures. Other soft plastic bait making materials may include polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and oil-based resin. In general, soft plastic baits for fishing are molded into shapes resembling worms, tubes, baitfish, leeches, frogs, insects, eggs or other prey. Moreover, while many soft baits can be used in freshwater environments, not all are suitable for saltwater use.
What are spinner baits?
Spinner baits are popular types of lure, as they are versatile, affordable and easy to use. Additionally, most spinner bait types feature a metal or plastic spinner, hook, artificial bait, body and tail. Moreover, these lures are generally made of animal hair, feathers, soft plastic or rubber skirts to resemble small baitfish. In general, spinner baits are designed to camouflage the hook while attracting predatory fish with motions and vibrations. Furthermore, custom spinnerbait lures are available in a variety of shapes, sizes, colors and blade styles. Popular blade styles include Colorado, Willowleaf, Indiana or a combination of the three.
What are fishing spoons?
Fishing spoons are a popular type of lure used to catch large species of freshwater and saltwater fish. Heavy casting spoons allow anglers to catch fish such as bass, walleye, flounder and pike. In general, fishing spoons include casting, surface, trolling, jigging or weedless lures. Additionally, fishing spoons blanks are available for purchase if anglers wish to assemble their own spoon lures at home.
What are surface lures?
Surface lures are used for specifically targeting fish in saltwater and freshwater environments. For instance, popular topwater lures include buzzbaits, water popper lures, stickbaits and frogs. Moreover, poppers are ideal baits for this method of fishing. When fishing with surface lures, your angling technique will vary according to the type of bait you use. For instance, when using stickbaits, you will need to practice the walk-the-dog technique, which resembles a struggling baitfish in water. Conversely, a water popper lure is easier to use during the practice of target fishing.